Ptolemy I Soter
- King 305-283 BC.
When *Alexander the Great died in 323 BC and his empire was divided, his Macedonian general, Ptolemy the son of Lagos, became the satrap of Egypt, first under Alexander's half-brother, Phillip Arrhidaeus, and then under his son, Alexander IV. In 305 BC, Ptolemy assumed the kingship of Egypt in his own right and established the Ptolemaic rulership of the country. He ensured the stability of his line by associating his son with him as co-regent and by introducing the concept of consanguineous marriages: his son married his full-sister.Ptolemy I regarded himself as the regenerator of the country and took the name 'Soter' which meant 'Saviour'. He re-organised Egypt and began a programme of building and restoring the native Egyptian temples, a concept which later *Ptolemies developed to enforce their religious right to rule Egypt. Ptolemy I also intoduced a new god—Serapis—who was a hybrid deity combining features of the Egyptian *Osiris with those of various Hellenistic gods. He also founded a cult of *Alexander the Great at Alexandria and, eventually, a temple for his own personal cult was built at Koptos. He founded the Museum and Great Library in the palace quarter at Alexandria, and the Greek city of Ptolemais in Upper Egypt. As the first Ptolemy, he established the basis for a powerful and wealthy kingdom in Egypt, which would also have influence throughout the Mediterranean world.BIBL. Bevan, E. A History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. London: 1927; Skeat, T. C. The reigns of the Ptolemies. Munich: 1969.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David* * *(c. 367–282 BC)Son of Lagus and Arsinoe. Macedonian nobleman and military commander under Alexander the Great. In 323 BC, upon the death of Alexander the Great, he secured the governorship of Egypt, which he virtually ruled as an independent state after disposing of Cleomenes. He expanded his control to Cyprus and parts of Syria, Greece, and Asia Minor. He assumed the title of king in 305 BC. Unlike other would-be successors of Alexander the Great, he had no pretensions to try to control the entire empire. Ptolemy I had several wives, including the Persian Artacama, daughter of Artabazus, whom he presumably abandoned; the Macedonian Eurydice, daughter of the regent Antipater; and finally Berenice I, leading to court intrigues over his succession until he made his son Ptolemy II, by his last wife, coregent. He apparently died during the first half of 282 BC.Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Ptolemy I Soter — For the astronomer, see Ptolemy; for others named Ptolemy or Ptolemaeus , see Ptolemy (disambiguation). Infobox Person name = Ptolemy I Soter Founder of the Ptolemaic Kingdom image size = 270px caption = Bust of Ptolemy Soter in the British… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy IX Soter II — ▪ Macedonian king of Egypt byname Lathyrus (Greek: “Chickpea”) flourished 1st century BC Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 116–110, 109–107, and 88–81 BC) who, after ruling Cyprus and Egypt in various combinations with his brother,… … Universalium
Ptolemy I Soter — born 367/366, Macedonia died 283/282 BC, Egypt Ruler of Egypt (323–285) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty. A Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, he and the other generals divided the empire after Alexander s death, Ptolemy becoming… … Universalium
Ptolemy IX Soter II — (142–80 BC) Nicknamed Lathyros or chickpea. Elder son of Ptolemy VIIIand Cleopatra III. He was possibly born on 18 February 142 BC. King of Cyprus under his father, he succeeded him despite the wishes of his mother, who preferred his younger… … Ancient Egypt
Ptolemy IX Lathyros — ptolemyPtolemy IX Soter II or Lathyros ( chickpea ) (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ Λάθυρος, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr Láthuros ) was king of Egypt three times, from 116 BC to 110 BC, 109 BC to 107 BC and 88 BC to 81 BC, with intervening periods ruled by his… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy II Philadelphus — (Greek: Polytonic|Πτολεμαῖος Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos Philádelphos , 309 BC ndash;246 BC), was the king of Ptolemaic Egypt from 283 BC to 246 BC. He was the son of the founder of the Ptolemaic kingdom Ptolemy I Soter and Berenice, and was educated… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy XII Auletes — Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Theos Philopator Theos Philadelphos ( el. polytonic|Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Θεός Φιλοπάτωρ Θεός Φιλάδελφος, Ptolemaĩos Néos Diónusos Theós Philopátōr Theós Philádelphos ), New Dionysus, God Beloved of his Father, God… … Wikipedia
Soter — (Greek gr. σωτήρ; initial capitalised, gr. Σωτήρ; fully capitalised, gr. ΣΩΤΗΡ = saviour) has been used as: * as a title of God: Poseidon Soter * any heroized leaders of Hellenistic dynasties, see hero cult * as a title of liberators (see also… … Wikipedia
Ptolemy Keraunos — (Greek Πτολεμαίος Κεραυνός 279 BC) was the King of Macedon from 281 BC to 279 BC. He was the eldest son of Ptolemy I Soter (ruler of Egypt) and his first wife Eurydice (daughter of Antipater). His younger half brother, also called Ptolemy, became … Wikipedia
Ptolemy (general) — Ptolemy (in Greek Πτoλεμαιoς; died 309 BC) was a nephew of Antigonus, the general of Alexander the Great (338 ndash;323 BC) who afterwards became king of Asia. His name is first mentioned as present with his uncle at the siege of Nora in 320 BC,… … Wikipedia